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Laurentian Heritage WebMagazine - Laurentians http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/taxonomy/term/787/0 en West Laurentians Heritage Trail http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/west-laurentians-heritage-trail <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-author"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Author:&nbsp;</div> Dwane Wilkin </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-desc"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/west-laurentians.jpg" width="175" height="443" alt="Trail cover" class="img-right caption" /><br /> This heritage trail leads to historic settlements and pioneer landmarks between the Ottawa River and the Laurentian highlands. </p> <p>American settlers founded a colony where the North River joins the Ottawa in about 1785. British homesteaders later put ashore here and walked north to land grants where today we find the communities of Lachute, Harrington, Lakefied, Morin Heights and Arundel. </p> <p>St. Eustache was the gateway for French-speaking settlers who moved through Ste-Scholastique and St-Jérôme and up the North River in the 1840s and 1850s.</p> <p>Thin soil, steep hills and bogs made farming difficult above the Ottawa plain. Logging was the chief industry north of Lachute by the late 1800s. However, scenic lakes and hills appealed to Montrealers. </p> <p>When trains came in the 1890s, Laurentian villages found a new vocation: year-round hospitality for recreation-minded visitors.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/map.laur_.jpg" width="364" height="393" alt="Map" class="img-left caption" />Enterprising families lodged guests in their farmhouses. Boarding houses sprang up. Around 1900, the first all-season hotels opened. Today the region is one of Quebec's leading holiday destinations.</p> <p><strong>HOW TO GET THERE</strong><br /> From Montreal, Quebec City, the Eastern Townships or the New-England-Quebec border, drive to Aut. 40 and head west. Follow signs for Pointe-Fortune and ride the ferry across the Ottawa River.</p> <p><strong>CARILLON</strong><br /> Start exploring near the site of the Battle of Long Sault. In 1660 a small group of French, Huron and Algonquin soldiers led by Dollard des Ormeaux fought a large Iroquois army preparing to attack Montreal. Dollard’s party was defeated, but the Iroquois quit their campaign. Parks Canada maintains a monument here. </p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/1.Carillon.Canal.CollectorHouse.jpg" width="250" height="180" title="Carillon Canal National Historic Site. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="1.Carillon.Canal.CollectorHouse.jpg" class="img-right caption" />The Argenteuil Historical Society Museum shows the growth of the region in the 19th century. This building dates to 1820, when it served as quarters for British military engineers overseeing construction of canals on the Ottawa River. </p> <p><strong>ST-ANDREWS EAST</strong><br /> This is one of the oldest villages in the Ottawa Valley. John Abbott, Canada’s first native-born prime minister, was born here. The stone gristmill built by Argenteuil Seigneur Patrick Murray in 1802 still stands on the west bank of the North River (Rivière du Nord). </p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/2.St.AndrewsEast.BrickHouse.jpg" width="250" height="174" title="St. Andrews East. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="2.St.AndrewsEast.BrickHouse.jpg" class="img-left caption" />Heritage homes on rue de la Seigneurie recall the influence of New England and Scottish immigrants, as do the churches. St. Andrew’s Presbyterian on rue John Abbott dates to 1818; Christ Church Anglican on rue Long Sault (Route 344) dates to 1819.</p> <p>A plaque opposite the Anglican Church marks the site of Canada’s first paper mill, built by New Englanders in 1805. Now head north on Route 327.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/3.Lachute.CascadesMill.JPG" width="175" height="242" title="Mill, Lachute. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="Mill, Lachute. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" class="img-right caption" /><strong>LACHUTE</strong> (pop. 11,600)<br /> This old mill town takes its’ name from a waterfall on the North River first noted by French map makers. Vermont families settled here in the 1790s. They were followed by a wave of immigrants from Scotland, including the Barrons, prominent landowners. </p> <p>Streets in the historic district near the 1887 courthouse still bear the names of Barron family members, including Grace St. with its elegant brick homes. The stone Presbyterian Church on Main Street, built in 1833, preserves Lachute’s Scottish heritage. </p> <p>The growth of mills in the late 1800s drew French Canadian workers to Lachute; today francophones make up two thirds of the population. Mills hug the river. Cross Barron’s Bridge and follow rue Princesse for a closer look. </p> <p>The Ayers Woollen Mill, built by Thomas Ayers and Félix Hamelin in 1879, figured centrally in Lachute’s development. The company made wool blankets and felt sheets. Hundreds of workers lived in a nearby community called Ayersville. Note the ruins of a large stone Catholic Church on rue Princesse that the Ayers family built for their workers in 1935. </p> <p>Irishman J.C. Wilson began a paper mill in 1887 now owned by Cascades. The striking mansion next to the factory, dubbed the Château, was the family estate.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/4.Brownsburg.Dominion.Cartridge.Co.MFColl.jpg" width="250" height="153" title="Brownsburg Dominion Cartridge Company, c.1910. (Photo - Private Collection)" alt="Brownsburg Dominion Cartridge Company, c.1910. (Photo - Private Collection)" class="img-left caption" /><strong>BROWNSBURG</strong> (pop. 2,555)<br /> Those interested in military heritage may wish to visit this community, a few kilometres west of Lachute. During World War II the Dominion Cartridge plant on the West River employed thousands of workers to supply ammunition to Allied forces. Factory buildings dominate the town. Now double back toward Lachute and head north on Route 329.</p> <p><strong>SHREWSBURY PIONEER CHURCH AND CEMETERY</strong><br /> <img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/5.shrewsbury.church.1856.SS.JPG" width="250" height="170" title="Shrewsbury. (Photo - Sandra Stock)" alt="Shrewsbury. (Photo - Sandra Stock)" class="img-right caption" />Turn left off onto Shrewsbury Rd. Trees have overgrown the fields cleared by Irish homesteaders in the 1830s. Reach the deserted village crossroads a few kilometres from the highway. Where a general store, forge, Orange Hall, post office and school used to stand, this church alone (1858) is all that remains.*</p> <p><strong><em>*Note: This church was arsoned in 2014. </em></strong></p> <p><strong>MORIN HEIGHTS</strong> (pop. 2,300)<br /> The first farmer in Morin Heights was Thomas Seale, who settled on Echo Lake in 1848. Seale’s sawmill, the Argenteuil Lumber Company, operated for nearly a century till the 1960s. The old mill office, now a home, sits on rue du Village halfway up the hill; across the street stands the Mill Barn, where company horses were stabled.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/6.MH.Square%20Log%20House.jpg" width="250" height="168" title="Squared log home near Morin Heights. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="Squared log home near Morin Heights. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" class="img-left caption" />Morin Flats was named for Augustin Norbert Morin, a Quebec parliamentarian who joined Louis Joseph Papineau in 1834 to demand greater political autonomy from Britain. The Morin family house, built in 1860, stands directly opposite the post office and is now a drug store.</p> <p>In 1911 Morin Flats changed its name to Morin Heights to appeal to tourists. The Bellevue Hotel on Lake Echo Rd. was a popular ski resort operated by the Basler family from Switzerland. </p> <p>In the 1970s, storekeeper J.E. Seale’s family home on rue du Village became Rose’s Cantina, a famous folk-music venue popular with hippies. It’s now a daycare centre.</p> <p>In nearby Christieville hamlet, the charming Ivall forge recalls a time when the ringing of a blacksmith’s hammer and anvil sounded the rhythm of country life. </p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/7.Arundel.LogHome.jpg" width="250" height="182" title="Scene near Arundel. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="Scene near Arundel. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" class="img-right caption" /><strong>ARUNDEL</strong> (pop. 350)<br /> Time hasn’t dulled the frontier feel of this farm community flanked to the west by the Rouge River and a chain of lakes and hills to the east. English-born fur trader Stephen Jakes Bevin built a cabin here in 1822; Scotsman William Thompson became Arundel’s first colonist in 1857. </p> <p>Driving north on Crystal Falls Road (Route 327) leads past the old Orange Lodge, a relic of early settlers’ staunchly Protestant roots. It’s now the Legion hall.</p> <p>Further north, the Arundel Natural Science Center features an authentic square-timber farmhouse built in 1856. Just beyond, discover Knox Presbyterian Church, built in 1908 by Edmund Bennett and painstakingly restored in 2002. The church is all that remains of Crystal Falls, a rural community that once boasted a school and a cheese factory. </p> <p>Returning to Arundel, a right turn onto chemin Henry leads to a vintage CNR train station, built in 1925 and recently restored as a post office. An imposing Victorian house with turret awaits travelers further down the road. Legendary country doctor Reginald Henry lived and practised here for 46 years till his retirement in 1967. </p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/8.Rouge.6.jpg" width="250" height="188" title="Along the Rouge River. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="Along the Rouge River. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" class="img-left caption" /><strong>ROUGE VALLEY</strong><br /> A breathtaking country road traces the famous Rouge River as it winds through old Harrington Township to join the Ottawa. Allow an hour for the drive. Some of the best farmland in the Laurentians lies in this valley, settled by Irish pioneers.</p> <p>An old homestead near the Rouge Valley Pioneer Cemetery is now a Buddhist monastery. </p> <p>When you reach Harrington United Church, turn right onto Harrington Rd. Rounding the bend at Bell Falls brings into view a scene from the 1920s: a clutch of old homes shaded by towering pines overlooking a bay. Park at the hotel and walk across the road to admire the falls before completing the rest of the trail.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/9.Grenville.Canal.2.jpg" width="250" height="176" title="Historic Grenville Canal. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="Historic Grenville Canal. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" class="img-right caption" /><strong>GRENVILLE VILLAGE</strong> (pop. 1,445)<br /> To glimpse a relic of canal life, veer off rue Principale (Route 344) in the direction of the river, west of the Hawkesbury bridge. A segment of the historic Grenville Canal survives intact, fronted by several period homes. </p> <p>The six-mile-long canal was one of three built on the Ottawa River from 1819 to 1834 to provide British troops with an alternate waterway between Montreal and Kingston. </p> <p>Directly opposite the large National Historic Monument, admire the wooden inn that Irishman John Kelley built in 1825 to accommodate the Royal Engineers. Now a private house, the building is a good example of traditional pièce-sur-pièce construction whereby finely hewn timbers are notched together and flushed on all sides to fit without chinking. </p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/10.Cushing.United.Church.1.jpg" width="180" height="258" title="St. Mungo&#039;s Church. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" alt="St. Mungo&#039;s Church. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" class="img-right caption" /><strong>CUSHING</strong><br /> Lemuel Cushing, a Vermont native, grew wealthy during the peak of the Ottawa Valley timber trade. His legacy includes the magnificent Colonial house at the corner of Route 344 and Cushing Hill Rd (Montée Cushing). Built in 1826, it was a post office, a bank and, till recently, a general store. It’s now a private home.</p> <p>Just east of this site, set back off the road, old St-Giles Church rises among the trees. Built in 1830, the former Methodist temple housed a theatre in the early 20th century before becoming a private home.</p> <p>Early Presbyterians built their own church a few hundred metres west of here on the road’s south side. St. Mungo’s striking neo-gothic bell tower is made all the more curious by a small tree flourishing in a rotting windowsill.</p> <p><em><strong>The Heritage Trail series is presented by the Quebec Anglophone Heritage Network, funded jointly by the Department of Canadian Heritage and Economic Development Canada. Space constraints preclude mention of all possible sites. Thanks to Sandra Stock and Don Stewart of the Morin Heights Historical Association and David Flanagan of the Arundel Historical Society for their help. For more information call the QAHN office at (819) 564-9595 or toll free within Quebec at 1 (877) 964-0409. </strong></em><br /> <img src="/files/logos/logo-caneconomic.gif" width="185" height="20" alt="logo-caneconomic.gif" /><img src="/files/logos/logo-canheritage.gif" width="141" height="20" alt="logo-canheritage.gif" /></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-id"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/trail_details.aspx?&amp;trailId=12 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-uploads"><div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-attraction-upload"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Brochure:&nbsp;</div> <div class="filefield-file"><img class="filefield-icon field-icon-application-pdf" alt="application/pdf icon" src="http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/sites/all/modules/filefield/icons/application-pdf.png" /><a href="http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/files/quebecheritageweb/brochures/west-laurentians.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=453192" title="west-laurentians.pdf">PDF English version / Version française</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/west-laurentians-heritage-trail#comments Trails Laurentians Tue, 28 Sep 2010 04:01:17 +0000 admin 2087 at http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com Lanaudière Heritage Trail http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/lanaudiere-heritage-trail <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-author"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Author:&nbsp;</div> Dwane Wilkin </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-desc"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/lanaudiere-cover.eng_.2.jpg" width="175" height="431" alt="lanaudiere-cover.eng_.2.jpg" class="img-right caption" /></p> <p>The <strong>Lanaudière Heritage Trail</strong> leads to heritage sites and historic settlements in Quebec’s Lanaudière region, between the foothills of the Laurentians and the lowlands of the St. Lawrence River.</p> <p>Along the river lie the ancient seigneuries of Repentigny, Lavaltrie and Saint Sulpice, where fledgling colonies in the heartland of New France gave rise to bustling towns on one of the continent’s greatest inland shipping routes.</p> <p>During the 1820s and 1830s, the old French towns of Berthier and L’Assomption were outposts of European civilization. They were well known to Irish and Scottish immigrants making their way to the new townships of Brandon, Kilkenny, Rawdon and Kildare.</p> <p>Sandy, rocky Laurentian soil made farming difficult. Although most raised crops and some livestock, homesteaders in the burgeoning settlements depended for their livelihood on sales of potash and lumber.</p> <p>Sawmills would multiply along the Assomption, Bayonne and Ouareau rivers in the 1800s, with villages growing up around the best millsites. In 1844, not less than nine sawmills were reported operating in Rawdon alone.</p> <p>This Trail description is presented in a clockwise direction, starting at L’Assomption and ending at Berthierville. However, the route may be started at any point and driven in either direction.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/map.launadiere.jpg" width="371" height="364" alt="Trail map" class="img-left caption" /><strong>HOW TO GET THERE</strong></p> <p>From Montreal, take Autoroute 40 east past Repentigny and following the signs for L’Assomption. From here, the Trail leads north along Route 341. Travelers coming from the direction of Quebec City or Trois Rivières may follow Autoroute 40 west to Berthierville. From the south shore, take the ferry from Sorel to Berthierville past the Berthier Islands, part of the Lac St-Pierre archipelago, a United Nations-designated biosphere reserve.</p> <p><strong>L’ASSOMPTION</strong></p> <p>Begin your tour of the Lanaudière in the heart of L’Assomption Parish, once part of a vast seigneury run by Catholic priests from Montreal’s Seminary of Saint-Sulpice. The historic quarter on the banks of the L’Assomption River is a veritable treasury of early- and mid-19th century structures, recalling L’Assomption’s early vocation as a centre of learning, worship, trade and government.</p> <p>A walking-tour guide offered by the <em>Centre regional d’archives de Lanaudière</em> (270 Blvd. l’Ange-Gardien) features 30 local heritage sites, including one of North America’s oldest courthouse buildings (1811) and the Collège de L’Assomption (1844), home of the region’s first private Catholic school.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/assomption.MF.jpg" width="280" height="178" title="L&#039;Assomption, c.1920s. (Photo - Farfan Collection)" alt="L&#039;Assomption, c.1920s." class="img-right caption" />In 1724. French curé Pierre LeSueur led the first group of European settlers to the present townsite, located strategically on a traditional portage route well-known to coureurs-des-bois and Algonquin trappers. They were followed in the 1760s by a number of Acadian families deported by the British from their homelands in Nova Scotia. Scottish merchant George McBeath, a shareholder in the famous North West Company and member of Lower Canada’s legislative assembly, opened a trading post in L’Assomption in 1785.</p> <p>At the height of the fur trade, local finger weavers of Acadian descent gained fame as creators of the acclaimed L’Assomption Sash, a colourful fringed belt worn by Métis trappers.</p> <p><em>Centre regional d¹archives de Lanaudière.<br /> 270 Blvd. L’Ange-Gardien<br /> l’Assomption, Tel: (450) 589-0233</em></p> <p><strong>SAINT-JACQUES</strong></p> <p>The general store at the corner of chemin Gaudet and Route 341 marks the northern reaches of the old Saint-Sulpice seigneury and the beginning of historic Rawdon Township. Note the change in the way farms are arranged along the highway. Whereas the old Acadian dwellings to the south lie close to the road, British farmers built their homesteads much farther back.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/DorwinFalls.1.VB.jpg" width="283" height="143" title="Dorwin Falls. (Photo - Valérie Bridger)" alt="Dorwin Falls." class="img-left caption" /></p> <p><strong>DORWIN FALLS</strong></p> <p>A spectacular lookout above these 60-foot-high waterfalls just south of the town of Rawdon attracts thousands of tourists each year. The site is named for J. Dorwin, a Montreal-based merchant-trader and business promoter who helped finance early industrial growth in Lanaudière.</p> <p>Dorwin owned sawmills on the Ouraeau River and was the first president of the shortlived Industry Village and Rawdon Railway (1852-1858) that linked St. Ligouri with present-day Joliette. The first train came to Rawdon in 1910.</p> <p><strong>RAWDON</strong></p> <p>This former lumber town is the cultural and economic heart of Lanaudière’s remaining English-speaking population. Named for a British veteran of the American Revolution, Rawdon grew up in the early 19th century on a plateau between the Ouraeau and Red rivers, flanked by a series of outstanding waterfalls. Townsfolk are proud the community’s multiethnic ancestry, which includes British, French, Slavic and Hungarian influences. </p> <p>The first settler in the Rawdon area was Philemon Dugas, believed to have come from Boston in 1815. Waves of Irish, Scottish, English, and French settlers followed in the 1820s and 1830s. Descendants of many pioneer families still live in the area.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/Rawdon%20train%20station.2.1910.RHS.jpg" width="300" height="180" title="Rawdon Station, c.1910. (Photo - Rawdon Historical Society)" alt=" Rawdon Historical Society)" class="img-right caption" />Buildings along Church and Metcalfe streets and 3rd and 4th avenues make up Rawdon’s unofficial historical district. Christ Church (1857), a masterpiece of Quebec stonemasonry, is a designated historic site. Rawdon’s former military barracks is reputedly the oldest building in town. Standing at 3567 Church Street, the circa-1820s structure now houses the Bouleaux Argentés retirement home. A few neglected headstones mark settlers’ graves at the rear of the property.</p> <p>Beginning in the 1930s, Rawdon attracted a number of immigrants from Poland, Hungary, Ukraine, Czechoslovakia, and Russia. One of the town’s more striking buildings is the St-Seraphin Eastern Orthodox Church, a Byzantine-style domed chapel at the corner of Woodard St. and 15th Avenue.</p> <p>Rawdon’s Irish Catholics established two internationally renowned schools. Ste-Anne’s Convent on Lake Morgan Road, which dates to Confederation, was an early promoter of bilingual education for girls; St-Anselme’s Academy (3713 Queen St.) was founded in 1910 as an English boys’ high school. It has operated in French since 1948 under the name Collège Champagneur.</p> <p>Billed as a vacation spot in the 1930s, growth surged in Rawdon after World War II. Some nearby farm settlements like Gratten Lake became colonies of weekend residents and summer cottagers. Other communities developed along the Rawdon and Pontbriand lakes, created in the 1910s by damming the Red and Oureau rivers.</p> <p><em>Rawdon Historical Society (450) 834-2108</em></p> <p><strong>MONTCALM CORNERS</strong></p> <p>The oldest settlement in historic Rawdon Township sits a few kilometres east of present-day Rawdon on a bend in the Red River where Philemon Dugas erected his lumber mill in 1815. At one time the hamlet was served by a railroad station and rivaled nearby Saint-Ligouri in size. Follow Route 348 out of Rawdon, turn right on chemin Forest, an old settler road, and drive as far as chemin Wilfrid. Rawdon Township¹s original school and church were situated at this crossroads. To reach Montcalm Corners, turn left onto Wilfrid, then right onto the 5th Range Road (Rang 5).</p> <p><em>Return to Route 348 to continue your tour of the Trail region.</em></p> <p><strong>RADSTOCK</strong> <strong>(Ste-Marceline-de-Kildare) </strong><br /> Population: 1,200</p> <p>Much of the farmland round this hamlet was originally granted to Irish-born soldiers who’d helped defend Canada against American invasion during the War of 1812-14. The settlement scheme pushed by the township’s first colonial land agent, Major Beauchamp Colclough, never came to be.</p> <p>The “Town of Kildare” as Colclough called it, was to have been a colony of retired British military pensioners where old warriors could live out their days trading battle stories and reminiscing about their Irish homeland. Property lots were assigned to the major’s underlings in the 103rd Infantry Regiment; streets were planned; and land was set aside for a school and prison. But Colclough went bankrupt in 1835 and interest in the project waned.</p> <p>In 1843, Anglicans built a square-log church on the Kildare Range (Route 343). The church was moved to Rawdon many years ago, but Saint-John’s Anglican Cemetery can still be seen.</p> <p>Before the exodus of English-speaking families from Kildare started in the 1880s, the hamlet was called Radstock, the name given to the post office established here in 1865.</p> <p><strong>RAMSEY PIONEER CEMETERY</strong><br /> (Near Saint-Félix-de-Valois)</p> <p>The Kildare Range (Route 348), which passes through the village of Ste. Melanie in front of a magnificent stone church (1869), was first settled by Irish Protestants. The farming village of Ramsey grew up at the junction of Route 348 and the 2nd Range Road. All Saint’s Anglican Church bears quiet testament to British settlers’ brief sojourn in the district. Services are still given in the brick church twice a year by the Anglican ministry in Rawdon. The well-kept churchyard cemetery is a roster of English-speaking pioneer families.</p> <p>Route 345, which passes through Saint-Félix before turning southward along the Bayonne River, follows the route of an original pioneer trail.</p> <p><strong>BERTHIERVILLE</strong></p> <p>This old town near the mouth of the Bayonne River is studded with elegant dwellings of 19th century notables, including offspring and associates of Scottish-born seigneur James Cuthbert. </p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/Old%20Berthierville.jpg" width="300" height="212" title="Berthierville, c.1785. (Photo - National Archives of Canada)" alt=" National Archives of Canada)" class="img-right caption" />A soldier who had served as General Wolfe’s aide-de-camp during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham (1759), Cuthbert acquired the sparsely populated Berthier seigneury in 1765, expanding his landholdings considerably while holding powerful posts in the British colonial government. Title passed to his son, James Jr. and on to his grandson, Edward, before Quebec’s seigneurial system was abolished in 1854. Another son, Ross, became lord of the neigbouring seigneuries of Autray and Lanoraie.</p> <p>During the busy settlement era of in the 1820s, 30s and 40s, Berthierville was a gateway for British immigrants bound for townships in the Laurentian foothills to the north. The village prospered as a commercial outlet for manufactured goods destined for new settlements in the hinterlands, giving rise to a sizeable English-speaking minority.</p> <p>Today Berthierville is probably best known as the birthplace of Québécois racing car sensation Gilles Villeneuve.</p> <p><strong>CUTHBERT CHAPEL</strong></p> <p>The oldest Presbyterian sanctuary in Quebec can be found at the junction of routes 138 and 158. Cuthbert built the chapel to honor the memory of his wife in 1786. It has been protected as a historical monument since 1958, and currently hosts a very convenient visitor’s bureau, open from May to October. Travelers will find an informative guide here to over 20 other heritage buildings, including the original Berthier Grammar School (1880-1917) at 562 rue Montcalm and the last of the Cuthbert manor houses in Berthierville at 710 rue Frontenac.</p> <p>The house built in 1821 by Lanoraie seigneur Ross Cuthbert to accommodate servants stands west of Berthierville on Route 138 (701 Grande-Côte Est.) It was occupied until the 1970s by the last descendant of the Cuthbert family to live in the area, Margaret Bostwick.</p> <p><em>Corporation du patrimoine de Berthier<br /> (450) 836-8158</em></p> <p><em><strong>This guide is presented by the Quebec Anglophone Heritage Network. The Heritage Trail series is made possible by grants from the Department of Canadian Heritage and Economic Development Canada. Space constraints preclude mention of all possible sites. Thanks to Beverly Prud’homme of the Rawdon Historical Society. For more information call the QAHN office at (819) 564-9595; toll free within Quebec at 1 (877) 964-0409.</strong></em></p> <p><img src="/files/logos/logo-caneconomic.gif" width="185" height="20" alt="logo-caneconomic.gif" /><img src="/files/logos/logo-canheritage.gif" width="141" height="20" alt="logo-canheritage.gif" /></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-id"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/trail_details.aspx?&amp;trailId=10 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-uploads"><div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-attraction-upload"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Brochure:&nbsp;</div> <div class="filefield-file"><img class="filefield-icon field-icon-application-pdf" alt="application/pdf icon" src="http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/sites/all/modules/filefield/icons/application-pdf.png" /><a href="http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/files/quebecheritageweb/brochures/Lanaudihre.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=710372" title="Lanaudihre.pdf">PDF English version / Version française</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/lanaudiere-heritage-trail#comments Trails Laurentians Sat, 11 Sep 2010 15:47:16 +0000 admin 2026 at http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com COVERED BRIDGES OF THE LAURENTIANS, PART 1 http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/covered-bridges-laurentians-part-1 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-author"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="field-label-inline-first"> Author:&nbsp;</div> Matthew Farfan </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-desc"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>By the beginning of the 20th century, there were hundreds of covered bridges all across Quebec. Today the province numbers just over ninety, some built as late as the 1950s. In the Laurentians, there are six covered bridges, all in the Upper Laurentians, and all except one are well north of Mont Tremblant. In the heyday of the covered bridge, most villages had at least one; some had several. They dotted the back roads as well, crossing brooks and rivers of all sizes. Very few, however, have survived the ravages of time. </p> <p><strong><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/cb.1a.jpg" class="caption img-right" width="200" height="196" alt="Major repairs, Chute-Saint-Philippe, 1979. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" title="Major repairs, Chute-Saint-Philippe, 1979. (Photo - Matthew Farfan)" />THREATS TO COVERED BRIDGES</strong><br /> Quebec’s harsh climate, arson, motor vehicle accidents, neglect, floods, vandalism, and replacement by modern structures, have all taken their toll. In recent decades, an alarming number of covered bridges have disappeared from the landscape. And many of the ones that do remain are in need of repair. Whether or not they survive depends largely on our desire to preserve them.</p> <p><strong>WHY A COVERED BRIDGE?</strong><br /> People have often speculated about why bridges were covered in the first place. Some believe that roofs were designed to provide travelers and their horses with shelter when it rained or snowed. Others think that the walls and a roof were there so that horses would not see the turbulent waters below. Folklore has it that sweethearts would rendezvous in covered bridges; hence the common nickname "kissing bridge." The real reason for covering a bridge with a roof and walls, however, was far less romantic. It was to protect the bridge's structure from the elements.</p> <p><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/cb.6a.jpg" class="caption img-right" width="300" height="206" alt="The author on a road north of Mont-Saint-Michel, winter 1980. (Photo - James Farfan)" title="The author on a road north of Mont-Saint-Michel, winter 1980. (Photo - James Farfan)" />A simple open bridge composed of beams ("stringers") and decking had a very limited life expectancy - perhaps ten or twenty years. After that the structure would begin to rot and sag. A bridge with a "truss" (a superstructure of interlocking timbers designed to support whatever weight was put upon the deck) would not only be much more solid, but would last longer as well. </p> <p>Yet, although the sagging would be impeded, the elements would eventually still cause the bridge to rot. However, if the bridge were protected with a roof and walls, its life could be prolonged by as much as ten times that of an open span, whose timber beams, flooring, and trusses would be constantly exposed to the weather.</p> <p><strong></strong><br /> <strong>THROUGH THE CENTURIES</strong><br /> Covered bridges have existed for centuries. The oldest examples are in Europe, and date to the Middle Ages. The oldest in the world is thought to be Switzerland’s famous Kapellbrucke bridge, in Lucerne, built in the 1300s and recently ravaged by fire. Covered bridges may be found in Switzerland, Austria, Germany, the Czech Republic, Italy, and many other countries in Europe.Europeans who came to the New World in the 17th and 18th centuries are thought to have brought their bridge-building technology with them. As a result, covered bridges have been built in virtually every part of the United States (which today numbers about 800 of these structures), as well as in Quebec, Ontario, and the Maritimes. </p> <p><strong><img src="/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/cb.macaza.LB.jpg" class="caption img-left" width="243" height="158" alt="Covered bridge, La Macaza. (Photo - Léo Bonin)" title="Covered bridge, La Macaza. (Photo - Léo Bonin)" />AMERICAN DESIGNERS</strong><br /> It was the Americans, in the 19th century, who truly perfected the science of the covered bridge. Throughout the 1800s, an array of inventors and engineers came up with an impressive repertoire of truss designs. They realized that the truss was the most important part of a bridge. The stronger the truss, the longer the covered bridge would last. Many of these men gave their names to their inventions: Moses Long, Herman Haupt, Theodore Burr, Peter Paddleford, William Howe, Willis Pratt, and Ithiel Town are some of the better known designers.</p> <p><em></em>Reference:<br /> 1) Société québécoise des ponts couverts, Les Ponts Rouges du Québec, 1999, 9-10.</p> <p>Click here for Part 2:<br /> <a href="http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/covered-bridges-laurentians-part-2" title="http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/covered-bridges-laurentians-part-2">http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/covered-bridges-laure...</a></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-attraction-id"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> attractions_details.aspx?attractionId=17 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-uploads"><div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-article-photo"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_article_photo" width="500" height="327" alt="" src="http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/files/laurentianheritagewebmagazine/attraction-images/cb.ChuteStP.1.ARBOUR.jpg?1283191781" /> </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com/attraction/covered-bridges-laurentians-part-1#comments Laurentians Thu, 01 Jul 2010 10:54:23 +0000 Matthew Farfan 1494 at http://laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com